Eid-ul-Adha is also called as festival of sacrifice and sacrifice feast. According to Islamic Lunar calendar, Eid ul Adha is celebrated on 10 day of the holy month of Dhu al-Hijjah and according to the Gregorian calendar, the dates vary from year to year approx. 11 days earlier each year. It is the second from two main Muslim’s Eid holidays celebrated each year. This Eid celebrated in the honors of enthusiasm of Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) to sacrifice his son, on the command of Allah Almighty. The meat from the sacrificed animal is equally divided into three parts. The family retains one-third of the share one for the relatives, friends and neighbors and the remaining is given to the poor and needy.
History of the Day:
This day is celebrated in the honor of sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S), as Ibrahim (A.S) was ready to slaughter his son Hazrat Ismail (A.S) to obey the order of God. Allah almighty asked Abraham to sacrifice his son, in his dream. Abraham started moving towards Mina for the sacrifice of his son to obey the order. He was just set to kill his son, on that spot God sent an angel Jibrail (Gabriel), who put a sheep in his son’s place before slaughter. Therefore this festival also called a festival of sacrifice.
Celebrations of the Day:
Eid- ul – Adha also commences with a small prayer as of Eid ul fitr followed by Khutba. Only those Muslims who can easily afford make a trip to Mecca to celebrate Eid- ul- Adha and perform the Hajj in Mecca. Celebrations of this Eid start after the Haj, the hajjis performing the Hajj, from Mount Arafat. On Eid day Khutba is also done from Mount Arafat. It is assumed that Eid- ul- Adha should last for three days but some of the Islamic traditions Eid- ul- Adha last for four days. All the members of the family dress up in new and beautiful clothes to carry out the Eid- ul- Adha prayer in large groups.
All the Muslims slaughter animals like sheep and goat demonstrating Abraham’s forfeit. Then the meat of the animal is distributed among the friends, relatives, neighbors and poor people. On this day Muslims especially take care to provide the sacrificial food or meat to poor and needy people of the community. Prosperous Muslims who can afford sacrifice the “Halal” domestic animals usually a cow, goat, sheep, or ram and camel in the honor of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice Ismail (A.S).